Ústí nad Orlicí

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Ústí nad Orlicí
Mírové Square
Mírové Square
Flag of Ústí nad Orlicí
Coat of arms of Ústí nad Orlicí
Ústí nad Orlicí is located in Czech Republic
Ústí nad Orlicí
Ústí nad Orlicí
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°58′26″N 16°23′37″E / 49.97389°N 16.39361°E / 49.97389; 16.39361Coordinates: 49°58′26″N 16°23′37″E / 49.97389°N 16.39361°E / 49.97389; 16.39361
Country Czech Republic
RegionPardubice
DistrictÚstí nad Orlicí
First mentioned1285
Government
 • MayorPetr Hájek
Area
 • Total36.37 km2 (14.04 sq mi)
Elevation
340 m (1,120 ft)
Population
 (2022-01-01)[1]
 • Total13,936
 • Density380/km2 (990/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal codes
562 01, 562 03, 562 04, 562 06
Websitewww.ustinadorlici.cz

Ústí nad Orlicí (Czech pronunciation: [ˈuːsciː ˈnat orlɪtsiː]; German: Wildenschwert) is a town in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 14,000 inhabitants. The historic town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.

Administrative parts[edit]

Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary

Town parts of Hylváty, Kerhartice and Knapovec and villages of Černovír, Dolní Houžovec, Horní Houžovec and Oldřichovice are administrative parts of Ústí nad Orlicí.

Geography[edit]

Ústí nad Orlicí is located about 44 kilometres (27 mi) east of Pardubice. It is situated at the confluence of the river Tichá Orlice and Třebovka. It lies in the Svitavy Uplands. The highest point of the municipal territory is the hill Strážný, at 584 metres (1,916 ft).

Etymology[edit]

The name Ústí means literally "mouth (of the river)". It refers to its location at the confluence of rivers. The German name Wildenschwert was created by a distortion of the original German name Wilhelmswerd, which referred to one of colonizers on the area, Wilhelm von Dürnholz, and meant "Wilhelm's promontory".[2]

History[edit]

Ústí nad Orlicí was founded in the second half of the 13th century, during the reign of Ottokar II of Bohemia. Its predecessor was a Slavic settlement called Oustí.[3] The first written mention of the town was in 1285, when the King Wenceslaus II gifted the town to Zavis of Falkenstein.[2]

In 1292, after Zavis' death, Wenceslaus II gifted the settlement to the Cistercian monks at Königsaal. They passed the town to the Leitomischl bishopric in 1358. During the 15th and 16th centuries, it was owned by various noble families, including was the Kostka of Postupice or the Pernštejn family.[2]

The town was damaged by a large fire in 1495. After the Battle of White Mountain, Ústí was acquired by the Liechtenstein family. There were guilds of weavers established here in the 16th century. The town was slow to recover from the lootings of the Thirty Years' War, then was destroyed by fire in 1705.[2]

It gained municipal status in 1795. When Wildenschwert was connected to the railway network by the OlomoucPrague line in 1845, the textile business boomed. It gained the tagline of The Manchester of Eastern Bohemia, and became an important textile centre. It was an important railway junction and from 1850 became a regional centre.[2]

It was a German-speaking town in Austria-Hungary until it was allocated to Czechoslovakia in 1918 at the conclusion of the World War I. Ústí nad Orlicí as it was now called remained an important textile town, and in the 1960s the Cotton Researching Institute developed the Open end spinning technique that provided a faster alternative to ring spinning.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18697,814—    
18807,799−0.2%
18908,282+6.2%
190010,334+24.8%
191011,290+9.3%
YearPop.±%
19219,804−13.2%
193012,127+23.7%
195011,121−8.3%
196111,634+4.6%
197012,843+10.4%
YearPop.±%
198015,288+19.0%
199115,295+0.0%
200115,192−0.7%
201114,414−5.1%
202113,958−3.2%
Source: Censuses[4][5]

Sights[edit]

Town hall and houses on Mírové Square

Mírové Square is a regular rectangular square with a floor plan preserved since the founding of the town. The square is surrounded by valuable arcaded houses. In the middle of the square is Marian column from 1737.[6] The Baroque town hall was built in 1721–1723 and replaced the old town hall destroyed by fire. A school was built next to it in 1793. In 1850, the two buildings were structurally connected.[7]

The Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary is a late Baroque building from 1770–1776. The adjoining deanery building is from 1742–1748.[8]

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Ústí nad Orlicí is twinned with:[9]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Historie města" (in Czech). Město Ústí nad Orlicí. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  3. ^ "Town". Město Ústí nad Orlicí. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  4. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Ústí nad Orlicí" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 13–14.
  5. ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
  6. ^ "Mírové náměstí" (in Czech). Město Ústí nad Orlicí. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  7. ^ "Radnice" (in Czech). Město Ústí nad Orlicí. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  8. ^ "Kostel Nanebevzetí Panny Marie" (in Czech). Město Ústí nad Orlicí. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  9. ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Ústí nad Orlicí. Retrieved 2021-10-05.

External links[edit]