Washington, Iowa

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Washington, Iowa
The north side of the Washington Square with the Courthouse in the background.
The north side of the Washington Square with the Courthouse in the background.
Official logo of Washington, Iowa
Nickname(s): 
City of Flowers and Trees
Motto: 
Onward! To the Salt Mines!
Location of Washington, Iowa
Location of Washington, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°18′0″N 91°41′21″W / 41.30000°N 91.68917°W / 41.30000; -91.68917Coordinates: 41°18′0″N 91°41′21″W / 41.30000°N 91.68917°W / 41.30000; -91.68917
Country United States
State Iowa
CountyWashington
Government
 • MayorJaron Rosien
Area
 • Total5.34 sq mi (13.82 km2)
 • Land5.33 sq mi (13.82 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
761 ft (232 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total7,352
 • Density1,378.33/sq mi (532.15/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
52353
Area code319
FIPS code19-82335
GNIS feature ID0462686
Websitewashingtoniowa.gov

Washington is a city in and the county seat of Washington County, Iowa, United States.[2] It is part of the Iowa City, Iowa Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 7,352 at the time of the 2020 census.[3]

History[edit]

1858 drawing of the Washington County Courthouse

Washington was founded in 1839 as the county seat of the newly established Washington County. In 1854 it became the home of a United Presbyterian College, which was dissolved in 1864. As of 2014, the town has celebrated its 175th anniversary, only 5 years behind the oldest city in Iowa, Dubuque, Iowa.[4]

In 2016, the Guinness World Book of Records certified the State Theatre in Washington, Iowa, as the "world's oldest continually operating cinema theatre".[5]

Geography[edit]

Washington is located at 41°18′0″N 91°41′21″W / 41.30000°N 91.68917°W / 41.30000; -91.68917 (41.299941, -91.689175).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.92 square miles (12.74 km2), all land.[7]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Washington, Iowa (1991–2020)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 30.2
(−1.0)
35.0
(1.7)
48.3
(9.1)
62.0
(16.7)
72.2
(22.3)
81.4
(27.4)
85.0
(29.4)
83.3
(28.5)
77.3
(25.2)
64.2
(17.9)
48.7
(9.3)
35.6
(2.0)
60.3
(15.7)
Daily mean °F (°C) 20.8
(−6.2)
25.1
(−3.8)
37.4
(3.0)
49.7
(9.8)
60.9
(16.1)
70.6
(21.4)
74.1
(23.4)
72.0
(22.2)
64.3
(17.9)
52.0
(11.1)
38.2
(3.4)
26.7
(−2.9)
49.3
(9.6)
Average low °F (°C) 11.5
(−11.4)
15.3
(−9.3)
26.5
(−3.1)
37.5
(3.1)
49.7
(9.8)
59.8
(15.4)
63.1
(17.3)
60.7
(15.9)
51.4
(10.8)
39.9
(4.4)
27.7
(−2.4)
17.9
(−7.8)
38.4
(3.6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.25
(32)
1.56
(40)
2.32
(59)
3.65
(93)
5.11
(130)
5.17
(131)
4.13
(105)
4.18
(106)
3.60
(91)
3.03
(77)
2.23
(57)
1.71
(43)
37.94
(964)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.5
(19)
8.1
(21)
2.3
(5.8)
0.8
(2.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.4
(1.0)
1.4
(3.6)
4.7
(12)
25.2
(64.4)
Source: NOAA[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
18702,575—    
18802,949+14.5%
18903,235+9.7%
19004,255+31.5%
19104,380+2.9%
19204,697+7.2%
19304,814+2.5%
19405,227+8.6%
19505,902+12.9%
19606,037+2.3%
19706,317+4.6%
19806,584+4.2%
19907,074+7.4%
20007,047−0.4%
20107,266+3.1%
20207,352+1.2%
Source:"U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-03-29. and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[9][3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 7,266 people, 3,048 households, and 1,861 families living in the city. The population density was 1,476.8 inhabitants per square mile (570.2/km2). There were 3,301 housing units at an average density of 670.9 per square mile (259.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.5% White, 1.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.7% of the population.

There were 3,048 households, of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.9% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 42.4 years. 23.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.1% were from 25 to 44; 25.9% were from 45 to 64; and 21.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 7,047 people, 2,928 households, and 1,903 families living in the city. The population density was 1,454.3 inhabitants per square mile (561.5/km2). There were 3,132 housing units at an average density of 646.3 per square mile (249.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.20% White, 0.57% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.72% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.71% of the population.

There were 2,928 households, out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.88.

Age spread: 22.8% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 23.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,067, and the median income for a family was $44,497. Males had a median income of $29,961 versus $20,706 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,145. About 5.4% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.3% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Washington is governed by a six-member city council headed by a mayor. The mayor and council members are elected for four-year terms. The city council consists of four ward counselors and two At-Large members. The current mayor is Jaron Rosien and the council members are, Millie Youngquist (At-Large), Steve Gualt (2nd Ward), Brendan DeLong (3rd Ward), Elaine Moore (At-Large), Fran Stigers (4th Ward), and Danielle Pettit-Majewski (1st Ward).[12]

Education[edit]

The Washington Community School District operates local schools, including Washington High School.[13]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ a b "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  4. ^ The History of Washington County, Iowa: Its Cities, Towns, Etc. Union Historical Company. 1880. pp. 542.
  5. ^ "State Theater - Washington, Iowa | Travel Iowa | #ThisIsIowa". www.traveliowa.com. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  8. ^ "NOAA NCEI U.S. Climate Normals Quick Access". NOAA. Retrieved 2022-11-30.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ http://washingtoniowa.net/index.asp?Type=B_BASIC&SEC={1943ADD0-B592-4AFD-819A-1E150BD6BAEE}
  13. ^ "FY20_WASHINGTON" (PDF). Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved 2020-08-05.

External links[edit]