Born in Amsterdam, Brüggen was the last of the nine children of August Brüggen, a textile factory owner, and his wife Johanna (née Verkley), an amateur singer. He studied recorder and flute at the Amsterdam Muzieklyceum. He also studied musicology at the University of Amsterdam. In 1955, at the age of 21, he was appointed professor at the Royal Conservatory of The Hague. His reputation was initially as a recorder and Baroque flute virtuoso, and he commissioned several works for recorder including Luciano Berio's Gesti (1965). In 1972, he co-founded the avant-garde recorder ensemble Sour Cream with Kees Boeke and Walter van Hauwe.
Brüggen introduced a flexibility of tone and rhythm to solo recorder playing that was novel to historically informed performance practice at the time. Notes in slow passages would be slightly bent for emotional affect, tone warmed and cooled, messa di voce employed, alongside considerable use of rubato. Such approaches provoked some controversy at the time, but in part due to his use of them, have since become more commonplace.
In 1981, Brüggen co-founded with Sieuwert Verster the Orchestra of the Eighteenth Century (Orkest van de Achttiende Eeuw). Although he did not have a formal title with the orchestra, he was its de facto chief conductor until his death. The Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment (OAE) named Brüggen its co-principal guest conductor, in parallel with Simon Rattle, in 1992. The OAE later gave him the title of Emeritus Conductor in 2007. He was the conductor of the Radio Kamerorkest in the Netherlands from 1991 to 1994, and joint chief conductor of the orchestra, alongside Péter Eötvös, from 2001 until the dissolution of the orchestra in 2005. Brüggen conducted the final concert of the successor to the Radio Kamerorkest, the Netherlands Radio Chamber Orchestra, on 14 July 2013.
His recordings include, as a flautist, selections from the Pièces de Clavecin en Concerts of Jean-Philippe Rameau, and as a conductor, Instrumental Suites of Rameau's operas (Dardanus, Les Boréales, Castor & Pollux, Les Indes galantes, Naïs, Zoroastre, Les Fêtes d'Hébé, Acante et Céphise), symphonies of Ludwig van Beethoven, Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Franz Schubert.
Brüggen was married twice. His first marriage to Ineke Verwayen produced two daughters, Laura and Alicia. His second marriage was to the art historian Machtelt Israëls, and produced two daughters, Zephyr and Eos. Brüggen was the uncle of recorder soloist and Amsterdam Loeki Stardust Quartet member, Daniël Brüggen.
Honours and awards
- The Honorary medal for Arts and Science of the Order of the House of Orange (22 September 2010)
- Knight of the Order of the Netherlands Lion (28 April 2003)
- Vivien Schweitzer (2014-08-25). "Frans Brüggen, Pioneer in Early Music, Dies at 79". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-08-30.
- J.M. Thomson. "Brüggen, Frans", Grove Music Online, Oxford Music Online, Oxford University Press, accessed 16 August 2014 (subscription required)
- Barry Millington (2014-08-17). "Frans Brüggen obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-08-30.
- Guido van Oorschot (2014-08-13). "Frans Brüggen (1934-2014): blokfluitist in sportwagen". De Volksrant. Retrieved 2014-08-30.
- Daniel J. Wakin (2008-06-30). "In Italy, 'Eroica' Energizes a Frail Fixture of Period Music". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- Bernard Holland (2000-04-07). "Paying Court to a Wry Master of the French Baroque". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- John Rockwell (1993-01-31). "Beethoven, as He Passed Down Through the Centuries". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- John Rockwell (1994-04-17). "Contrasting Temperaments Battle in Haydn Warhorses". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- "Afscheid van "tovenaar" Frans Brüggen in Oude Kerk Amsterdam". Reformatorisch Dagblad. 2014-08-19. Retrieved 2014-08-30.
- Machtelt Israëls, ed. (2009). "Introduction". Sassetta: the Borgo San Sepolcro altarpiece. Volume 1. Primavera Press, Leiden. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-674-03523-2.
- Jaco van der Knijff (2014-08-14). "Afscheid In memoriam Frans Brüggen (1934-2014)". Reformatorisch Dagblad. Retrieved 2014-08-30.