Julius Wegscheider

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Julius Wegscheider
Julius August Ludwig Wegscheider

(1771-09-27)27 September 1771
Died27 January 1849(1849-01-27) (aged 77)
Halle, Kingdom of Prussia, Holy Roman Empire
Alma materUniversity of Helmstedt
Theological work

Julius August Ludwig Wegscheider (27 September 1771 – 27 January 1849), was a German Protestant theologian.


Wegscheider was born at Küblingen (now a part of Schöppenstedt, Lower Saxony). He studied theology at the University of Helmstedt, where he was a pupil of Heinrich Philipp Konrad Henke. From 1795 to 1805, he worked as a tutor to the family of a wealthy Hamburg merchant. In 1805 he presented a dissertation titled Graecorum mysteriis religioni non obtrudendis at the University of Göttingen. He then served as a professor of theology at the University of Rinteln (1806–1810), and at the University of Halle from 1810 onwards.[1]

Wegscheider was a leading figure of dogmatic theological rationalism—for instance, he considered supernatural revelation to be an impossibility.[2] Because of his rationalist teachings, he, along with his colleague Wilhelm Gesenius, were attacked by followers of Supernaturalism, creating a situation that led to a government investigation (1830).[3] Ultimately, he retained his office at Halle, but lost his former influence.[4]

Principal works[edit]

  • Über die von der neuesten Philosophie geforderte Trennung der Moral von der Religion, 1804 – On the latest philosophy requiring separation of morality from religion.
  • Versuch einer vollständigen Einleitung in das Evangelium Johannis, 1806 – Attempt of a complete introduction to the Gospel of John.
  • Institutiones theologicae dogmaticae, 1815; to which Wilhelm Steiger's Kritik des Rationalismus in Wegscheiders Dogmatik (1830) was a reply.[4]

Books about Wegscheider[edit]

  • "Leben und Werk des Hallenser Theologen Julius Wegscheider (1771–1849) : mit unveröffentlichten Briefen an Eduard Reuss"; by Jean Marcel Vincent, Waltrop : Spenner, 1997. Series: Wissen und Kritik, Bd. 13.[5]


  1. ^ Biography at Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie.
  2. ^ Christian Cyclopedia J. A. L. Wegscheider (biographical information).
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Americana: a popular dictionary of arts, sciences ..., Volume 13 by Edward Wigglesworth and Thomas Gamaliel Bradford.
  4. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Wegscheider, Julius August Ludwig" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 468.
  5. ^ WorldCat.org Leben und Werk des Hallenser Theologen Julius Wegscheider

External links[edit]